MENTAL HEALTH ORDINANCE FOR PAKISTAN 2001
to consolidate and amend the law relating to the mentally disordered persons with respect to their
care and treatment, the management of their property and other related matters
WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law relating to the treatment and
care of mentally disordered persons, to make better provisions for their care, treatment, management
of properties and affairs and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto and to
encourage community care of such mentally disordered persons and further to provide for the
promotion of mental health and prevention of mental disorder;
AND WHEREAS the National Assembly and the Senate stand suspended in pursuance of
the Proclamation of Emergency of the fourteenth day of October, 1999, and the Provisional
Constitution Order No. 1 of 1999;
AND WHEREAS the President is satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessary
to take immediate action;
NOW, THEREFORE, in pursuance of the Proclamation of Emergency of the fourteenth day of
October, 1999, and the Provisional Constitution Order No. 1 of 1999, read with the Provisional
Constitution (Amendment) Order No. 9 of 1999, and in exercise of all powers enabling him in that
behalf, the President of the Republic of Pakistan is pleased to make and promulgate the following
1. Short title, extent and commencement.- (1) This Ordinance may be called the
Mental Health Ordinance, 2001.
(2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan
(3) It shall come into force with effect from the 20th day of February, 2001.
2. Definitions.- (1) In this Ordinance, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject
or context, –
(a) “approved psychiatrist” means a medical practitioner possessing a
recognized postgraduate qualification and registered with the
Pakistan Medical and Dental Council and also approved by the
(b) “Authority” means the Federal Mental Health Authority constituted
under section 3;
(c) “cost of maintenance” in relation to a mentally disordered person,
includes the cost of lodging, maintenance, clothing, medicine and
care of a mentally disordered person and any expenditure incurred
in removing such mentally disordered person to and from a
psychiatric facility together with any other charges specified in this
behalf by the Government;
(d) “Court of Protection” means a District Court having jurisdiction
under this Ordinance in matters specified herein and designated as
such by the Government;
(e) “Court” means a Court of Protection;
(f) “Government” means the Federal Government or, as the case may
be, the Provincial Government;
(g) “health facility” means any basic health unit, rural health centre,
Tehsil hospital, district hospital, teaching hospital and any private
medical facility, supervised by a medical practitioner;
(h) “hospital management” means personnel operating and or
managing any psychiatric facility or a health facility that has
provision for indoor treatment for the mentally disordered;
(i) “informed consent” means voluntary and continuing permission of
the patient or if the patient is a minor his nearest relative or
guardian, as the case may be, for assessment or to receive a
particular treatment based on an adequate knowledge of the
purpose, nature, likely effects, and risks of that treatment including
the likelihood of its success and any alternatives to it and the cost
(j) “Magistrate” means a Judicial Magistrate of the first class specially
empowered by the Government to perform functions and exercise
powers of a Magistrate under this Ordinance;
(k) “medical officer” means a medical graduate serving in a
Government health facility and registered with the Pakistan
Medical and Dental Council;
(l) “medical practitioner” means a medical graduate registered with
the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council with good standing;
(m) “mental disorder” means mental illness, including mental
impairment, severe personality disorder, severe mental impairment
and any other disorder or disability of mind and “mentally
disordered” shall be construed accordingly and as explained
(i) “mental impairment” means a state of arrested or incomplete
development of mind (not amounting to severe mental
impairment) which includes significant impairment of
intelligence and social functioning and is associated with
abnormally aggressive or seriously irresponsible conduct on
the part of the person concerned and “mentally impaired”
shall be construed accordingly;
(ii) “severe personality disorder” means a persistent disorder or
disability of mind (whether or not including significant
impairment of intelligence) which results in abnormally
aggressive or seriously irresponsible conduct on the part of the
(iii) “severe mental impairment” means a state of arrested or
incomplete development of mind which includes severe
impairment of intelligence and social functioning and is
associated with abnormally aggressive or seriously
irresponsible conduct on the part of the person concerned and
“severely mentally impaired” shall be construed accordingly;
Explanation: – Nothing contained in clause (m), sub- clauses
(i), (ii) and (iii) above shall be construed as implying that a
person may be dealt with under this Ordinance as suffering
from mental disorder or from any other form of such mental
disorder defined in this section, by reason only of promiscuity
or other immoral conduct, sexual deviancy or dependence on
alcohol or drugs.
(n) “mentally disordered prisoner’ means a person, who is a prisoner
for whose detention in or removal to a psychiatric facility or other
place of safety, an order has been made in accordance with the
provisions of section 466 or section 471 of the Code of Criminal
Procedure, 1898 (Act V of 1898), section 30 of the Prisoners Act,
1900 (III of 1900), section 130 of the Pakistan Army Act, 1952
(XXXIX of 1952) section 143 of the Pakistan Air Force Act, 1953
(VI o f 1953) or section 123 of the Pakistan Navy Ordinance, 1961
(XXXV of 1961);
(o) “minor” means a child or adolescent not having attained the age of
(p) “patient” means a person who is under treatment and care;
(q) “place of safety” means a Government run health facility, a
psychiatric facility, or residence of any suitable relative who is
willing to temporarily receive the patient;
(r) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules or regulations as the case
may be, made under this Ordinance;
(s) “psychiatric facility” means a hospital, institute, ward, clinic, nursing
home, day-care institution, half-way house, whether in public or
private sector involved in the care of mentally disordered persons;
(t) “psychiatrist” means a medical practitioner possessing a
recognized postgraduate qualification in psychiatry and registered
with the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council;
(u) “relative” means and includes any person related by blood or
marriage or adoption under the personal law, with the mentally
(v) “rules” means the rules made under this Ordinance;
(w) “specialized psychiatric treatments” means electro-convulsive
treatment, anti-psychotic depot injection, psychosurgery, and such
other form of treatment as may be specified for the purposes of
this Ordinance; and
(x) “treatment of mentally disordered person” means the assessment
and treatment of a mentally disordered person and shall include
assessment, care, training, habilitation as well as rehabilitation
techniques or measures, as the case may be.
ESTABLISHMENT OF FEDERAL MENTAL HEALTH AUTHORITY
3. Federal Mental Health Authority.- (1) For the purposes of this Ordinance, the
Federal Government shall constitute, by notification in the official Gazette, the Federal Mental Health
(2) The Authority shall consist of a Chairperson and not more than fourteen
members to be appointed by the Federal Government.
(3) The members of the Authority shall be as follows:
(i) Secretary, Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan;
(ii) Director General, Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan;
(iii) Provincial Health Secretaries;
(iv) Advisor in Psychiatry, Medical Directorate, General Headquarters
(v) Seven eminent psychiatrists of at least ten years good standing.
(4) The Chairperson and the members of the Authority, other than ex-officio
members, shall be appointed on such terms and conditions as may be determined by the Federal
(5) The Chairperson and the members of the Authority shall be appointed for a
tenure of fours years. The Chairperson and a member may resign from his office in writing
addressed to the Secretary, Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan.
(6) The Chairperson or a member of the Authority may be removed from his
office by the Federal Government, for reasons of misconduct, or if he is unable to perform functions of
his office, on account of mental or physical incapacity or for any other reason.
(7) The Authority established under sub-section (1) shall carry out the following
(a) advise the Government on all matters relating to promotion of mental
health and prevention of mental disorder;
(b) develop and establish new national standards for care and treatment of
(c) recommend measures to improve existing mental health services and
setting up of child and adolescence, psychogeriatric, forensic, learning
disability and community based services;
(d) prescribe procedures with respect to setting up and functioning of the
mental health services and facilities;
(e) prescribe a code of practice to be implemented for achieving the
purposes and objects of this Ordinance as well as to be followed by all
the mental health personnel involved with the care of patients under
(f) provide for regular review by the Board of Visitors to ensure that the
provisions of this Ordinance for assessment and treatment are being
properly carried out, whether or not requested by any individual,
patient or his relative;
(g) prescribe for care, aftercare or rehabilitation, under supervision or
(h) provide for and regulate the setting up of help lines and crisis centres
for the general public with regard to mental health;
(i) provide for, organize and regulate public awareness programs and
promote research, publish journals, bulletins, magazines, and other
educational material on mental health issues;
(j) discharge such other functions with respect to matters relating to
mental health as the Government may require;
(k) register psychiatrists for the purposes of this Ordinance, in such
manner as may be prescribed; and
(l) arrange and organize such courses and training programs as may be
necessary for carrying out the purposes and objects of this Ordinance.
(8) The Authority may, by notification in the official gazette, make regulations in
respect of functions specified in subsection (7).
4. Constitution of Board of Visitors: – (1) The Authority shall, in consultation with the
Government concerned, establish Boards of Visitors for carrying out the purposes of this Ordinance
as hereinafter provided.
(2) There shall be a Board of Visitors at the provincial level which shall consist of
(a) A Chairperson who is or has been a Judge of the High
(b) two psychiatrists, one having a minimum experience of ten
years in Government service;
(c) one prominent citizen of good standing;
(d) two medical practitioners of repute with a minimum standing
of twelve years, one of whom shall be a nominee of Pakistan
Medical and Dental Council; and
(e) Director General Health Services of the Province, or his
(3) The Chairperson and members of the Board shall be appointed for a tenure
of two years.
(4) No member shall be deputed to perform any duty as a visitor to a psychiatric
facility wherein he has a direct or indirect conflict of interest.
5. Powers and functions of the Board.- (1) The Board may, at any time, enter
and inspect any psychiatric facility within its area of responsibility and require the production of any
records and documents for inspection to ensure that they are in proper order.
(2) The Board shall periodically inspect every part of a psychiatric facility and
examine as far as possible every patient and mentally disordered prisoner. The Board shall inspect
records and documents relating to the patients and mentally disordered prisoners since last visitation
by the Board.
(3) The Board may make recommendations to a psychiatric facility, the Authority
and the Government, concerning improvement of conditions of such facility.
(4) The Authority may order the Board to visit any patient in case it appears
necessary for the purpose of investigating any particular matter, or matters related to the capacity of
the patient to manage his property and affairs, or otherwise, relating to the exercise of its functions. In
compliance of this order, the Board may visit the facility or nominate a sub-committee of not less than
(a) the Board or the sub-committee, making a visit under this sub-section shall
make such report on the visit as the Authority may order;
(b) the Board or the sub-committee, making a visit under this sub-section may
interview and examine a patient in private and may require the production of
and inspect any documents and/or medical records relating to the patient;
(c) where the sub-committee visits a facility it shall report to the Board and the
Board shall make its final report to the Authority; and
(d) where the Board or a sub-committee is to visit a mentally disordered
prisoner, it shall also include the Inspector General of Prisons, or his
(5) Where the Board is satisfied that any patient in a psychiatric facility is not
receiving proper care or treatment, it may report the matter to the Authority which may issue such
directions as it may deem fit to the medical practitioner, or psychiatrist in charge of the psychiatric
facility, as the case may be, who shall be bound to comply with such directions.
(6) The Board shall enter remarks in a register to be kept for that purpose in
regard to the management and condition of a psychiatric facility and the inmates therein.
(7) Any information obtained by any member of the Board in the course of his
duties or which comes to the knowledge otherwise, shall not be disclosed except to the authorised
6. Establishment of psychiatric facilities by the Government: – (1) The Federal
Government may in any part of Pakistan, or the Provincial Government may within the limits of a
Province, establish or maintain psychiatric facilities for the assessment, admission, treatment,
rehabilitation, care and after care of mentally disordered patients at such places, as it deems fit.
(2) The psychiatric facilities established under sub-section (1) may organize or
maintain separate units for -
(a) persons who are above the age of eighteen years;
(b) child and adolescence psychiatric units;
(c) psychogeriatric units for the elderly; and
(d) persons who have been convicted of any offence and are mentally
disordered for whom special security measures shall be required.
(3) Where drug dependence units need to be established, they shall be set up
separately which may be within the premises of the psychiatric facility for people who are not mentally
disordered but have drug dependence or patients with drug induced behavioural changes.
ASSESSMENT AND TREATMENT
7. Care in the Community: – (1) Community based mental health services shall be set
up for providing mentally disordered persons, their families and others involved in their care with
guidance, education, rehabilitation, after care and preventive measures and other support services on
an informal basis.
Explanation: – For the purposes of this section, community shall include, family, home,
workplace, educational institutions and other places where care and after care can be provided on an
informal or voluntary basis.
8. Care and Treatment on an informal or voluntary basis.- Any person who himself
seeks or is brought by a relative or is referred by a medical practitioner or is referred by any authority
for forensic psychiatric assessment, shall be examined by a psychiatrist or a medical officer
nominated by him who shall record his findings in writing and decide that the patient be treated on an
out-patient basis or otherwise. Any such person on withdrawal of his consent may be discharged in
accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance.
9. Duration for periods of detention for assessment, treatment, urgent admission
and emergency holding.- For the purposes of this Ordinance, there are four types of detention of a
patient, namely; (1) admission for assessment, (2) admission for treatment, (3) urgent admission, and
(4) emergency holding. The duration for each type of detention shall be as follows:-
(a) The period of detention for the purposes of assessment shall be up to 28
days from the date of application made under section 10;
(b) The period of detention for the purposes of treatment shall be up to six
months from the date of application made under section 11, and is renewable
under the provisions of the said section;
(c) The period of detention for the purposes of urgent admission shall be up to
72 hours from the time of application made under section 12; and
(d) The period of detention in the case of a patient for the purposes of
emergency holding already in hospital, shall be up to 24 hours from the time
of application made under section 13.
10. Admission for assessment.- (1) A patient may be admitted to a Psychiatric Facility
and detained there for the period allowed by subsection (4) in pursuance of an application made in
accordance with subsections (2) and (3).
(2) An application for admission for assessment may be made in respect of a
patient on the grounds that –
(a) he is suffering from mental disorder of a nature or degree which
warrants the detention of the patient in a psychiatric facility for
assessment (or for assessment followed by initial treatment) for at
least a limited period; and
(b) he ought to be so detained in the interests of his own health or safety
or with a view to the protection of other persons; and
(c) specifying that care and treatment in the community and on an
informal and voluntary basis is not possible.
(3) An application for admission for assessment shall be founded on the written
recommendations in the prescribed form of two medical practitioners, one of whom should be a
medical officer and one should be a psychiatrist, or where a psychiatrist is not available, a medical
practitioner with experience in psychiatry, including in each case a statement that in the opinion of
such medical practitioners the conditions set out in sub-section (2) above are complied with.
(4) A patient admitted to a psychiatric facility in pursuance of an application for
admission for assessment may be detained for a period not exceeding 28 days beginning with the
day on which application was made under this section, but shall not be detained after the expiration of
that period unless before it has expired he has become liable to be detained by virtue of a
subsequent application, order or direction under the provisions of this Ordinance.
(5) Where a psychiatrist deems it fit he may discharge the patient from detention
and advise the patient to continue treatment on voluntary basis.
(6) The patient, his relative or guardian shall have the right of filing only one
appeal against the order of detention under this section to a Court of Protection within a period of 14
days from the day on which the application was made. The decision of the Court of Protection shall
be final for the period of detention under this section.
11. Admission for treatment.- (1) A patient may be admitted to a psychiatric facility and
detained there for the period allowed by the following provisions, in pursuance of an application made
in accordance with this section.
(2) An application for admission for treatment may be made in respect of a
patient on the grounds that -
(a) he is suffering from mental illness, severe mental impairment, severe
personality disorder or mental impairment and his mental disorder is
of a nature or degree which makes it appropriate for him to receive
medical treatment in a psychiatric facility; and
(b) it is necessary for the health or safety of the patient or for the
protection of other persons that he should receive such treatment
and it cannot be provided unless he is admitted under this section.
(3) An application for admission for treatment shall be founded on the written
recommendations, on the prescribed form of two medical officers, one of whom shall be an approved
psychiatrist, including in each case a statement that in the opinion of such medical officers the
conditions set out in sub-section (2) above are complied with; and each such recommendation shall
(a) such particulars as may be prescribed of the grounds for that opinion
so far as it relates to the conditions set out in clause (a) of that subsection;
(b) a statement of the reason for that opinion so far as it relates to the
conditions set out in clause (b) of that sub-section, specifying,
whether other methods of dealing with the patient are available and,
if so, why they are not appropriate.
(4) A patient admitted to a psychiatric facility in pursuance of an application
under this section may be detained in a psychiatric facility, for a period not exceeding six months
allowed by clause (b) of section 9 but shall not be so detained or kept for any longer period unless the
authority for his detention is renewed under this section -
(a) the authority for detention of a patient may, unless the patient has
previously been discharged, be renewed from the expiration of the
period of six months referred to in sub-section above, for a further
period of six months;
(b) from the expiration of any period of renewal under clause (a) above,
for a further period of one year, if necessary and so on for periods of
one year at a time.
(5) The patient, his relative or guardian may file an appeal against the order of
detention under this section to a Court of Protection:
Provided that only one appeal shall lie during the subsistence of each period of
12. Admission for assessment in cases of urgency.- In any case of urgent necessity,
an application for admission for assessment may be made in respect of a patient in accordance with
the following provisions -
(i) an urgent application may be made either by a relative of the patient or
medical officer; and every such application shall include a statement that it is
of urgent necessity for the patient to be admitted and detained under this
section and that compliance with the provisions relating to an application for
treatment, under section 11 would involve undesirable delay;
(ii) an urgent application shall be sufficient in the first instance if founded on the
medical recommendation of an approved psychiatrist or his nominated
medical officer and if practicable, the nominated medical officer shall not be
the same medical officer referred to in sub-clause (i) above;
(iii) an urgent application shall cease to have effect after 72 hours from the time
when the patient is admitted under this section to the psychiatric facility
(a) the second medical recommendation required by section 11 above is
given and received by the psychiatrist in-charge of the facility within
the said period of 72 hours; and
(b) that such recommendation and the recommendation referred to in
sub-clause (ii) above together comply with all the requirements as
contained in section 17.
13. Emergency Holding.- If in the case of a patient who is receiving treatment for mental
disorder as an inpatient in a psychiatric facility who wishes or attempts to leave and it appears to a
medical officer -
(i) that the patient is suffering from mental disorder to such a degree that it is
necessary for his health or safety or for the protection of others, for him to be
prevented from leaving the facility, and
(ii) that it is not practicable to secure the immediate attendance of the
psychiatrist in charge or his nominated medical officer for the purpose of
furnishing a medical recommendation
the medical officer shall record that fact in writing and in that event the patient may be detained in the
hospital for a period of 24 hours from the time when the fact is so recorded or until the earlier arrival
of the psychiatrist in charge or his nominated medical officer.
14. Emergency Powers.- Where in case of an emergency a medical practitioner is
unable to obtain informed consent in writing, he may administer treatment, notwithstanding the
provisions of section 51, that in his professional opinion, is necessary for:-
(i) saving the patient’s life; or
(ii) preventing serious deterioration of his condition; or
(iii) alleviating serious suffering by the patient; or
(iv) preventing the patient from behaving violently or being a danger to
himself or to others.
15. Application by whom to be presented.- (1) Subject to the provisions of subsection
(3) the application on a prescribed form shall be presented by the husband or wife of the patient or, if
there is no husband or wife or the husband or wife is prevented by reason of mental disorder,
absence from Pakistan or otherwise from making the presentation, by the nearest relative of the
(2) If the application is not presented by the husband or wife, or, where there is
no husband or wife, by the nearest relative of the patient, the application shall contain a statement of
the reasons why it is not so presented, by the husband, wife or the nearest relative and of the
connection of the applicant with the patient, and the circumstances under which he presents the
(3) No person shall present an application unless he has attained the age of
majority and has within fourteen days before the presentation of the application, personally seen the
(4) The application shall be signed and verified by the applicant, and the
statement of prescribed particulars by the person making such statement.
16. Effect of application for admission.- (1) An application for the admission of a
patient to a psychiatric facility under this Ordinance, duly completed in accordance with the section
under which he is being admitted, shall be sufficient authority for the applicant or any person
authorized by the applicant, to take the patient and convey him to a psychiatric facility at any time
within the following periods, that is to say –
(a) in the case of an application made other than an emergency
application within the period of 14 days beginning with the date from
which the patient was last examined by an approved Psychiatrist or
medical officer, as the case may be, before giving a medical
recommendation for the purposes of the application;
(b) in the case of an emergency application, under section 12, the period
of 24 hours beginning at the time when the patient was examined by
an approved psychiatrist or his nominated medical officer giving the
medical recommendation which is referred to in section 11 above, or
at the time when the application is made, whichever is the earlier.
(2) Where a patient is admitted within the said period to a psychiatric facility as
mentioned in sub-section (1), on an application made under sections10, 11 or 12, as the case may
be, the application shall be sufficient authority for the hospital management to detain the patient in the
said facility in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance.
(3) Any application for the admission of a patient under sections 10, 11 or 12, as
the case may be, and which appears to be duly made and is founded on the necessary medical
recommendations, may be acted upon without further proof of the signature or qualification of the
person by whom the application or any such medical recommendation is made or given or of any
matter of fact or opinion stated therein.
(4) Once a patient is admitted to a psychiatric facility in pursuance of an
application for admission for treatment, any previous application under this Ordinance by virtue of
which he was detained in a psychiatric facility shall cease to have effect.
17. General provisions as to applications and medical recommendations.-
(1) General provisions as to applications:-
(a) subject to provisions of this section, an application for admission for
assessment or for treatment may be made either by the nearest
relative of the patient, by an approved psychiatrist or nominated
medical officer; and every such application shall specify the
qualification of the applicant to make such an application;
(b) every application for admission shall be addressed to the hospital
management to which admission is sought;
(c) before or within a reasonable time after an application for the
admission of a patient for assessment is made by an approved
psychiatrist or a nominated medical officer, as the case may be, he
shall take such steps as are practicable to inform the person (if any)
appearing to be the nearest relative of the patient, that the
application is to be or has been made;
(d) none of the applications mentioned in sub-section (1) above shall be
made by any person in respect of a patient unless that person has
personally seen the patient within the period of 14 days ending with
the date of application;
(e) any recommendation given for the purposes of an application for
admission for treatment, may describe the patient as suffering from
more than one form of mental disorder, namely, severe mental
impairment, severe personality disorder, mental impairment, or any
other disorder or disability of mind:
Provided that the application shall be of no effect unless the
patient is described in each of the recommendations as suffering
from the same form of mental disorder whether or not he is also
described in either of those recommendations as suffering from
(f) each of the applications mentioned in subsection (1) above shall be
sufficient if the recommendations on which it is founded are given
either as separate recommendations, or as a joint recommendation
signed by the medical officer and a psychiatrist.
(2) General provisions as to medical recommendations: -
(a) where recommendations are required for the purposes of an
application under this Ordinance, they shall be signed on or before
the date of the application, and shall be given by a medical officer or
an approved psychiatrist who have examined the patient either
together or separately, but where they have examined the patient
separately not more than five days must have elapsed between the
days on which those separate examinations took place;
(b) Of the medical recommendations given for the purposes of any
application as referred under clause (a) above, one shall be given by
an approved psychiatrist and unless that psychiatrist has previous
acquaintance with the patient, the other such recommendation shall,
if practicable, be given by a medical officer who has such previous
18. Rectification of applications and recommendations.- (1) If within the period of 14
days beginning with the day on which application was made in respect of the patient to be admitted to
a psychiatric facility for assessment or for treatment the application or any medical recommendation
given for the purposes of the application, is found to in any respect incorrect or defective, the
recommendation or application may, within that period and with the consent of the management of
the psychiatric facility, be amended by the person by whom it was signed; and upon such amendment
being made the application or recommendation shall have effect and shall be deemed to have had
effect as if it had been originally made as so amended.
(2) Without prejudice to sub-section (1) above, if within the period mentioned in
that sub-section it appears to the management of the psychiatric facility that one of the two medical
recommendations on which the application for admission of a patient is founded is insufficient to
warrant the detention of the patient in pursuance of the application, they may, within that period, give
notice in writing to that effect to the applicant; and where any such notice is given in respect of a
medical recommendation, that recommendation shall be disregarded, but the application shall be,
deemed always to have been, sufficient if -
(a) a fresh recommendation complying with the relevant provisions of
this Ordinance (other than the provisions relating to the time of
signature and the interval between examinations) is furnished to the
hospital management within that period; and
(b) the fresh recommendation, and the other recommendation given
earlier on which the application is founded, together comply with
(3) Where the medical recommendations upon which an application for
admission is founded are, taken together, insufficient to warrant the detention of the patient in
pursuance of the application, notice under subsection (2) above may be given in respect of either of
those recommendations; but this subsection shall not apply in a case where the application is of no
effect by virtue of clause (e) of sub-section (1) of section 17 above.
(4) Nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing the giving of notice
in respect of an application made as an emergency application, or the detention of a patient admitted
in pursuance of such an application after the period of 72 hours referred to in clause (iii) of section 12
above unless the conditions set out in clauses (a) and (b) of that section are complied with or would
be complied with apart from any error or defect to which this applies.
19. Mentally disordered persons found in public places. – (1) If an officer in charge
of a police station finds in a place to which the public have access, a person whom he has reason to
believe, is suffering from a mental disorder and to be in immediate need of care or control the said
officer may, if he thinks it necessary to do so in the interest of that person or for the protection of other
persons, remove that person to a place of safety, which means only a Government run health facility,
a government run psychiatric facility, or hand him over to any suitable relative who is willing to
temporarily receive the patient.
(2) A person removed to a place of safety under this section may be detained
there for a period not exceeding 72 hours for the purpose of enabling him to be examined by a
psychiatrist or his nominated medical officer and for making any necessary arrangements for his
treatment or care.
LEAVE AND DISCHARGE
20. Order of leave. – (1) An application in the prescribed form, for leave of absence in
regard to any mentally disordered person (not being a mentally disordered prisoner) who is formally
admitted in any psychiatric facility may be made to the psychiatrist in charge of the facility, by a
relative who is desirous of taking care and custody of such mentally disordered person for a specified
period, requesting that he may be allowed on his application to take care and custody of such a
patient and subject to the assessment by a psychiatrist, in charge of the said facility, who may allow
or deny the said application:
Provided that no application under this sub-section shall be made by a person who
has not attained the age of majority.
(2) Every application under sub-section (1) shall be accompanied by an
(a) to take proper care of the mentally ill patient;
(b) to prevent the mentally ill patient from causing injury to himself or
to others; and
(c) to bring back the mentally ill patient to the said facility on the expiry
of the period of leave.
(3) On receipt of the application under sub-section (1), the psychiatrist in charge
may grant leave of absence to the mentally ill person for such period as he may deem necessary and
subject to such conditions as may, in the interests of the personal safety of the mentally ill patient or
for the protection of others, be specified in the order.
(4) In case a patient is not returned by the relative after a specified period of
leave, the said psychiatrist shall report to the magistrate, in whose jurisdiction the psychiatric facility is
situated, and the referring authority and the Magistrate if satisfied, may direct the police to recover
and return the said patient to the psychiatric facility.
(5) In any case where a patient is absent from a psychiatric facility in pursuance
of order of leave granted under this section and it appears to the psychiatrist that is it necessary to do
so in the interest of the patients’ safety or for the protection of other persons, he may by notice in
writing given to the patient or to the person for the time being in-charge of the patient, revoke the
leave of absence and recall the patient to the psychiatric facility.
(6) If after the passage of reasonable time after the notice as given under subsection
(5) above, the patient does not return or is not returned, then the psychiatrist may report to
the Magistrate and the referring authority of the reasons of revoking the leave of absence.
(7) If the Magistrate is satisfied with the report of the psychiatrist and the
reasons as mentioned in this section, he may direct the police to locate and produce the patient
before him on a specified date and the Magistrate after hearing the patient, the person in charge and
the concerned psychiatrist or their representatives, may make an order placing the patient in the
psychiatric facility or allow him to continue being in the care and custody of the person in charge or
may make such other orders as he may deem fit.
(8) Without prejudice to what has been stated above in this section, the period of
detention under provisions of section 10 or 11 shall continue during the period for which order of
leave was granted:
Provided that a patient in whose favour order of leave has been granted under this
section shall not be recalled, after he has ceased to be liable to be detained for the periods specified
under section 10 or 11, unless he is absent, at the expiration of period specified under the above
referred sections, without leave from the psychiatric facility.
21. Discharge of a patient.- (1)The psychiatrist in-charge of the treatment of a
patient, may by order in writing, direct discharge of the patient at any time he deems it appropriate.
(2) Where any order of discharge is made under sub-section (1), in respect of a
person who has been admitted or is undergoing treatment as a patient in pursuance of an order of a
referring authority, a copy of such order shall be immediately forwarded to that authority by the
psychiatrist in charge.
(3) Any person admitted in a psychiatric facility under an order made in
pursuance of an application made under this Ordinance, may be discharged on an application made
to the psychiatrist in charge:
Provided that no patient shall be discharged under this section if the psychiatrist in
charge certifies in writing that the patient is unfit to be discharged for reasons of his own health and
safety or the safety of others.
22. Application by a patient for discharge.- (1) Any patient, not being a mentally
disordered prisoner, who feels that he has recovered from his mental disorder, may make an
application to the Magistrate for his discharge from the psychiatric facility.
(2) The Magistrate may after making such inquiry as he may deem fit, pass an
order discharging the person or dismiss the application.
Provided that no subsequent application for discharge shall be made by the patient
during the said period of detention.
23. Discharge of a detained person found not to be mentally disordered after
assessment.- If any person admitted in a psychiatric facility is subsequently found not to be mentally
disordered and is capable of taking care of himself and managing his affairs, an approved
psychiatrist, of the said facility shall forthwith, discharge such person from the psychiatric facility and
notify the fact to the referring authority and the nearest relative.
24. Duty of hospital management to inform relatives of the discharge.- Where a
patient detained under this Ordinance in a psychiatric facility is to be discharged, the management of
the psychiatric facility shall take such steps as are practicable to inform the relative (if any), of the
patient and or the applicant (if any), and or any suitable person who is willing to accept the
responsibility to take care and custody of the said patient; and that information shall, if practicable, be
given at least seven days before the date of discharge.
25. Application for discharge to Magistrate.- Where any patient is admitted under
section 10 or 11, his relatives may apply to the Magistrate within the local limits of whose jurisdiction
the psychiatric facility is situated for his discharge and the Magistrate may, in consultation with
psychiatrist in charge of the treatment, after giving notice to the person at whose instance he was
admitted and after making such inquiry as he may deem fit, either allow or dismiss the application:
Provided that no subsequent application for discharge shall be made during the said
period of detention.
26. Notice about serious illness or death.- If a patient becomes seriously ill or dies,
that fact shall be notified to his nearest relatives, if known or on whose application the patient was
admitted and also to the authority by whom the patient was referred to the psychiatric facility.
27. Transfer and removal.- Transfer and removal of patient placed in a psychiatric
facility to another such facility in the same Province or some other Province shall be carried out in
accordance with any general or special order of the Provincial Government with the consent of the
other Provincial Government, provided that a notice of such intended transfer or removal has been
given to the applicant.
28. Foreign nationals.- (1) When an arrangement has been made with any foreign state
with respect to the placement of a patient, the Federal Government may issue a notification under this
Ordinance directing the Provincial Government concerned within which such order may be made.
(2) On publication of a notification under sub-section (1), the agent of the foreign state in
which the alleged mentally disordered person ordinarily resides may make an application for an order
to the Provincial Government concerned.
(3) The functions of the Magistrate shall be performed by such officer as the
Provincial Government may by general or special order appoint in this behalf, and such officer shall
be deemed to be the Magistrate having jurisdiction over the alleged mentally disordered person for
the purposes of this section.
(4) The Provincial Government may specify approved psychiatrists for the
purposes of this section.
JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS FOR APPOINTMENT OF GUARDIAN OF PERSON AND MANAGER
OF THE PROPERTY OF THE MENTALLY DISORDERED
29. Judicial proceedings.- Whenever any person is possessed of property and is
alleged to be mentally disordered, the Court of Protection, within whose jurisdiction such person is
residing may, upon application by any of his relatives having obtained consent in writing of the
Advocate General of the Province concerned, by order direct an inquiry for the purpose of
ascertaining whether such person is mentally disordered and incapable of managing himself, his
property and his affairs.
30. Regulation of proceedings of the Court of Protection.- (1) The following
provisions shall regulate the proceedings of the Court of Protection with regard to the matter to which
they relate, namely:-
(a) Notice shall be given to the mentally disordered person of the time
and place at which it is proposed to hold the inquiry;
(b) if it appears that personal service on the alleged mentally
disordered person would be ineffectual, the Court may direct such
substituted service of notice as it thinks fit;
(c) the Court may also direct copy of such notice to be served upon
any relative of the alleged mentally disordered person and upon
any other person to whom in the opinion of the Court notice of the
application should be given;
(d) the Court may require the alleged mentally disordered person to
attend, at such convenient time and place as it may appoint for the
purpose of being personally examined by the Court, or to any
person from whom the Court may desire to have a report of the
mental capacity and condition of such mentally disordered person;
(e) the Court may likewise make an order authorising any person or
persons therein named to have access to the alleged mentally
disordered person for the purpose of personal examination; and
(f) the attendance and examination of the alleged mentally disordered
person under the provisions of clause (d) and clause (e) shall, if
the alleged mentally disordered person be a woman who,
according to customs of the country, ought not to be compelled to
appear in public, be regulated by the law and practice for the
examination of such persons in other civil cases.
(2) The Court, if it thinks fit, may appoint two or more persons to act as
assessors to the Court in the said proceedings.
(3) Upon the completion of the inquiry, the Court shall determine whether the
alleged mentally disordered person is suffering from mental disorder and is incapable of managing
himself and his affairs, or may come to a special finding that such person lacks the capacity to
manage his affairs, but is capable of managing himself and is not dangerous to himself or to others,
or may make any such order it deems fit, in the circumstances of the case, in the best interests of
31. Inquiry by subordinate Court on commission issued by the Court of Protection
and proceedings thereon.- (1) If the alleged mentally disordered person resides at a distance of
more than fifty miles from the place where the Court is held to which the application is made, the said
Court may issue a Commission to any sub-ordinate court to make the inquiry, and such subordinate
court shall thereupon conduct the inquiry in the manner hereinbefore provided.
(2) On the completion of inquiry the subordinate court shall transmit the record of
its proceedings with the opinion of the assessor, if any have been appointed, and its own opinion on
the case; and the Court shall thereupon proceed to dispose the application in the manner provided in
sub-section (3) of section 30:
Provided that the Court may direct the subordinate court to make such further or
other inquiry as it thinks fit before disposing of the application.
32. Appointment of guardian.- Where a mentally disordered person is incapable of
taking care of himself, the Court may appoint any suitable person to be his guardian, or order him to
be looked after in a psychiatric facility and order for his maintenance.
33. Management of property of mentally disordered person.- (1) Where the property
of the mentally disordered person who is incapable of managing it, the Court shall appoint any
suitable person to be the manager of such property.
(2) No person, who is a legal heir of a mentally disordered person, shall be
appointed under section 32 to be the guardian of such a person or the manager of his property, as
the case may be, unless the Court for reasons to be recorded in writing considers that such
appointment is for the benefit of the mentally disordered person.
(3) The guardian of a mentally disordered person and the manager of his
property appointed under this Ordinance shall be paid, from out of the property of the mentally
disordered person, such allowance as the Court may determine.
34. Responsibility of manager.- A person appointed as a manager of the property of a,
under this Ordinance, shall be responsible for the care, cost of treatment and maintenance of the
mentally disordered person and of such member(s) of his family as are dependent on him.
35. Allowance payable to guardian.- The manager of the property of the patient shall
pay to the guardian of the patient such allowances as may be fixed by the Court for the care and
maintenance of the patient and of such members of his family as are dependent on him.
36. Powers of manager of property of mentally disordered person.- (1) Every
manager appointed under this Ordinance shall, subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, exercise
the same power in regard to the management of the property of the mentally disordered person in
respect of which he is appointed as manager, as the mentally disordered person would have
exercised as owner of the property, had he not been mentally disordered and shall realize all claims
due to the estate of the mentally disordered person and pay all debts and discharge all liabilities
legally due from that estate and in exercise of powers under this section regard shall be had first of all
to the requirements of the mentally disordered person and the rights of the creditors, if any :-
Provided that no manager so appointed shall without the permission of the Court –
(a) mortgage, create any charge on, or transfer by sale, gift, exchange
or otherwise, any movable or immovable property of the mentally
disordered person; or
(b) lease out or give on bailment any such property.
(2) The permission under proviso to sub-section (1) may be granted subject to
such conditions or restrictions as the Court may think fit to impose.
(3) The Court shall cause notice of every application for permission to be served
on any relative or friend of the mentally disordered person and after considering objections, if any,
received from the relatives or friends and after making such inquiries as it may deem necessary,
grant or refuse permission having regards to the interest of the mentally disordered person.
37. Furnishing of inventory of immovable property, etc.– (1) Every manager
appointed under this Ordinance shall, within a period of three months from the date of his
appointment, deliver to the Court an inventory of the immovable property belonging to the mentally
disordered person and of all assets and other movable property received on behalf of the mentally
disordered person, together with a statement of all claims due on and all debts and liabilities due by
such a person.
(2) All transactions under this Ordinance shall be made through a bank
authorized by the Court.
(3) Every such manager shall also furnish to the Court within a period of three
months of the closure of every financial year, an account of the property and assets in his charge, the
sums received and disbursed on account of the mentally disordered person and the balance
remaining with him.
(4) If any relative of a mentally disordered person impugns, by a petition to the
Court, the accuracy of the inventory or statement referred to in sub-section (1) or as the case may be,
any annual account referred to in sub-section (3), the Court may summon the manager and
summarily inquire into the matter and make such order thereon as it thinks fit.
(5) Any relative of a mentally disordered person may, with the leave of the Court,
sue for an account from any manager appointed under this Ordinance or from any such person after
his removal from office or trust, or from his legal representatives in the case of his death, in respect of
any property then or formerly under his management or of any sums of money or other property
received by him on account of such property.
38. Inquiry by Court of Protection in certain cases.- Where a mentally disordered
person had, before the onset of his mental disorder, contracted to sell or otherwise disposed of his
property or any portion thereof, the Court may, after conducting an inquiry, direct the manager
appointed under this Ordinance to perform such contract and to do such other acts in fulfillment of the
contract as the Court considers necessary and thereupon the manager shall be bound to act
39. Disposal of business premises under the direction of Court of Protection.-
Where a mentally disordered person had been engaged in business before he became mentally
disordered the Court may, if it appears to be in the best interest of such a person, after proper hearing
notices have been issued to dependants, relatives for hearing to dispose of his business premises,
direct the manager appointed under this Ordinance in relation to property of such person to sell and
dispose of such premises and to apply the sale proceeds thereof in such manner as the Court may
direct and thereupon the manager shall be bound to act accordingly.
40. Investment of assets of mentally disordered person.- All sums received by a
manager on account of any estate in excess of what may be required for the current expenses of a
mentally disordered person or for the management of his property, shall be paid into the public
treasury on account of the estate, and shall be invested, from time to time, through state owned
investment agencies, in the interest of the mentally disordered person.
41. Appointment of a new manager or guardian.- (1) The manager of the property of a
mentally disordered person may resign with the permission of the Court, or for sufficient cause and
for reasons to be recorded in writing, be removed by the Court and such Court may appoint a new
manager in his place.
(2) Any manager removed under sub-section (1) shall be bound to deliver the
charge of all property of such a person to the new manager, and to account for all monies received or
disbursed by him.
(3) The guardian of the person of a mentally disordered person may resign with
the permission of the Court, or for sufficient cause and for reasons to be recorded in writing, be
removed by the Court and such Court may appoint a new guardian in his place.
42. Dissolution of partnership.- (1) Where a person, being a member of a partnership
firm, is found to be mentally disordered, the Court may, on the application of any other partner, order
for the dissolution of the partnership or on the application of any person who appears to that Court to
be entitled to seek such dissolution dissolve the partnership in accordance with the provisions of the
Partnership Act, 1932 (IX of 1932).
(2) Upon dissolution a partnership firm to which sub-section (1) applies, the
manager appointed under this Ordinance may, in the name and on behalf of the mentally disordered
person, join with the other partners in disposing of the partnership property upon such terms, and
shall do all such acts for carrying into effect the dissolution of the partnership as the Court may direct.
(3) Notwithstanding anything detained in the foregoing provisions, the Court
may, instead of appointing a manager of the estate, order that in the case of cash, or in the case of
any other property, the produce thereof, shall be realized and paid or delivered to such person as
may be appointed by the Court in this behalf, to be applied for the maintenance of the mentally
disordered person and of such members of his family as are dependent on him.
43. Securities, etc., of mentally disordered person.- (1) Where any stock or
Government securities or any share in a company are standing in the name of, or vested in, a
mentally disordered person beneficially entitled thereto, or in the manager dies in the estate or
himself becomes mentally disordered, or is out of the jurisdiction of the Court, or it is uncertain
whether the manager is living or dead, or neglects or refuses to transfer the stock, securities or
shares, or to receive and pay over thereof the dividends to a new manager appointed in his place,
within fourteen days after being required by the Court to do so, then the Court may direct the
company or government concerned to make such transfer, or to transfer the same, and to receive an
pay over the dividends in such manner as it may direct.
(2) The Court may direct those dividends, the profit of shares, stock and
Government securities shall be deposited in the mentally disordered person’s bank account.
(3) Where any stock or Government securities or shares in a company is or are
standing in the name of, or vested in, any person residing out of Pakistan, the Court upon being
satisfied that such person has been declared to be mentally disordered and that his personal estate
has been vested in a person appointed for the management thereof, according to the law of the place
where he is residing may direct the company or Government concerned to make transfer of such
stock, securities or shares or of any part thereof, to or into the name of the person so appointed or
otherwise, and also to receive and pay over the dividends and proceeds, as the Court thinks fit.
44. Maintenance during temporary mental disorder.- If it appears to the Court that the
mental illness of a mentally disordered person is in its nature temporary and that it is expedient to
make provision for a temporary period, for his maintenance or for the maintenance of such members
of his family as are dependent on him, the Court may direct his property or a sufficient part thereof to
be applied for the purpose specified therein.
45. Inquiry by Court of Protection into cessation of mental disorder.- (1) Where the
Court has reason to believe that any person who was found to be mentally disordered has ceased to
be mentally disordered, it may direct any court subordinate to it to inquire whether such person has
ceased to be mentally disordered.
(2) An inquiry under sub-section (1) shall, so far as may be, conducted under
(3) If after an inquiry under this section, it is found that the mental disorder of a
person has ceased, the Court shall order all actions taken in respect of such person under this
Ordinance to be set aside on such terms and conditions as that Court thinks fit to impose.
(4) Without prejudice to the generality powers given above, the court shall have
powers to make such orders and give such directions as the Court thinks fit, for the betterment of
such a person.
46. Appeal to High Court. – An appeal shall lie to the High Court from an order made by
a Court of Protection under this Chapter, within a period of sixty days from the date of order of the
LIABILITY TO MEET COST OF MAINTENANCE OF MENTALLY DISORDERED PERSON
ADMITTED IN A PSYCHIATRIC FACILITY
47. Liability to meet cost of maintenance of a patient admitted in a psychiatric
facility.- (1) The cost of maintenance of a patient admitted in a Government owned psychiatric facility
shall be borne by the Government:
Provided that –
(a) the authority which made the order has not taken an
undertaking from any person to bear the cost of
maintenance of such a person; and
(b) there is no provision for bearing the cost of maintenance of
such person by the Court of Protection under this Ordinance.
(2) Person holding public office or a public servant who is paid by the
Government and is mentally disordered shall continue to receive benefit as per entitlement even after
he retires voluntarily or on attainment of the age of superannuation or on the basis of medical
(3) In case of defence personnel, the paymaster of the military circle within
which any psychiatric facility is situated shall pay to the officer in charge of such facility the cost of
maintenance of such a mentally disordered person received and detained therein under this
(4) Where any such person admitted in a psychiatric facility has an estate or
where any person legally bound to maintain such person has the means to maintain such person, the
Government or local authority liable to bear the cost of maintenance of such a person under any law,
for the time being in force, may make an application to the Court within whose jurisdiction the estate
of such a person is situated or the person legally bound to maintain the said person and having the
means therefore resides, for an order authorizing it to apply his estate towards the cost of
maintenance or directing the legally bound person to bear the cost of maintenance.
(5) Nothing contained in the foregoing provisions shall be deemed to absolve a
person legally bound to maintain a mentally disordered person from maintaining such a person.
48. Maintenance out of pay, pension, etc.- (1) Where any sum is payable in respect of
pay, pension, gratuity or any allowance to any person by the Government and the person to whom
the sum is payable if certified by a Magistrate under this Ordinance to be a mentally disordered
person, the officer under whose authority such sum would be payable, may pay to the person having
charge of the mentally disordered person so much of the said sum, as he thinks fit, having regard to
the cost of maintenance of such person and may pay to such members of the family of the mentally
disordered person as are dependent on him for maintenance, the surplus, if any, or such part thereof,
as he thinks fit, having regard to the expenses of maintenance of such member.
(2) Where there is any further surplus amount available out of the funds
specified sub-section (1) after making payments as provided in that sub-section, the Government
shall hold the same to be dealt with as follows, namely:-
(a) where a mentally disordered person is certified to have
ceased to be mentally disordered by the Court of
Protection within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such
person resides or is admitted, the whole of the surplus
amount shall be paid back to that person;
(b) where a mentally disordered person dies before payment,
the whole of the surplus amount shall be paid over to
those of his heirs who are legally entitled to receive the
(c) where a mentally disordered person dies during his mental
disorder without leaving any person legally entitled to
succeed to his estate, the whole of the surplus amount shall
be paid into the State Treasury.
PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS OF MENTALLY DISORDERED PERSONS
49. Cases of attempted suicide.- A person who attempts suicide shall be assessed by
an approved psychiatrist and if found to be suffering from a mental disorder shall be treated
appropriately under the provisions of this Ordinance.
50. Confidentiality.- No patient shall be publicized nor his identity disclosed to the public
through press or media unless such person chooses to publicise his own condition.
51. Informed consent.- (1) Before commencing any investigation or treatment a
psychiatrist or nominated medical officer shall obtain written informed consent, on a prescribed form,
from the patient or if the patient is a minor, his nearest relative or a guardian, as the case may be.
(2) Where the consent of a patient to any form of investigation(s) and or
treatment(s) has been given the patient or if the patient is a minor, his nearest relative or a guardian,
as the case may be, may withdraw his consent in writing at any time before the completion of the
(3) Without prejudice to the application of sub-section (2) above to any treatment
given under the plan of treatment to which a patient or if the patient is a minor, his nearest relative or
a guardian, as the case may be, who has consented, to such a plan may, at any time withdraw his
consent in writing to further treatment, or to further treatment of any description under the plan of
OFFENCES AND INDEMNITY
52. Penalty for making false statement, etc.- (1) Any person who willfully makes a
false entry or statement in any application, recommendation, report, record or other document
required or authorized to be made for any of the purposes of this Ordinance, with an intent to get
someone to be detained for assessment or for treatment of mentally disordered; or with intent to
deceive, makes use of any such entry or statement which he knows to be false, shall be guilty of an
offence under this Ordinance.
(2) Any person employed in a psychiatric facility, who strikes, ill-treats, maltreat
or willfully neglects any patient confined in such psychiatric facility or willfully violates or neglects any
of the provisions of this Ordinance shall be guilty of an offence.
(3) Any manager of estate of a patient who willfully neglects or refuses to deliver
his accounts or any property in his possession within the time fixed by the Court shall be guilty of an
(4) Without prejudice to criminal prosecution under any other law for the time
being in force, whoever is guilty of an offence under sub-section (1), (2) or (3), shall be punishable
with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine which may extend to twenty
thousand rupees, or with both.
(5) Any person who carries out any form of inhumane treatment, on a mentally
disordered person which includes: trepanning, branding, scalding, beating, exorcising, chaining to a
tree etc. of any such person or subjecting a child to the cultural practice of rendering him mentally
retarded, by inducing microcephaly, or subjecting any such person to physical, emotional or sexual
abuse, shall be guilty of an offence, punishable with rigorous imprisonment which may extend to five
years or with fine extending up to Rs50,000 or with both.
(6) Any person who contravenes any of the provisions of this Ordinance or of
any rule or regulation made thereunder, for the contravention of which no penalty is expressly
provided in this Ordinance, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six
months, or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees, or with both.
53. Indemnity.- (1) No suit, prosecution or other legal proceedings shall lie against any
person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of this Ordinance
or the rules made thereunder.
(2) No suit or other legal proceedings shall lie against the Government
for any damage caused or likely to be caused for anything which is in good faith done or intended to
be done in pursuance of this Ordinance or the rules or orders made thereunder.
INSPECTION OF MENTALLY DISORDERED PRISONERS
54. Inspection of mentally disordered prisoners.- (1) Where any person is detained
under the provisions of section 466 or section 471 of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1898 (Act V of
1898), section 130 of the Pakistan Army Act, 1952 (XXXIX of 1952), section 143 of the Pakistan Air
Force Act, 1953 (VI of 1953, or section 123 of the Pakistan Navy Ordinance, 1961 (XXXV of 1961),
the Inspector-General of Prisons, if the accused person is detained in a jail, and the Board of Visitors
or any two members of such Board, if the accused person is detained in a psychiatric facility, may
visit him in order to ascertain his state of mind and such a detainee shall be visited once at least in
every six months by the Inspector-General of Prisons or, as the case may be, the Board or any two
members of such Board, shall make a report as to the state of mind of such person to the authority
under whose order the accused person is detained and the Inspector-General of Prisons or, as the
case may be, the Board of Visitors or any two members of such Board, shall make a report as to the
state of mind of such person to the authority under whose order the accused person is detained.
(2) The Government may empower the officer in charge of the jail in which such
accused person is detained to discharge all or any of the functions of the Inspector General of
Prisons under sub-section (1).
FORENSIC PSYCHIATRIC SERVICES
55. Forensic psychiatric services.- (1) Special security forensic psychiatric facilities
shall be developed by the Government to house mentally disordered prisoners, mentally disordered
offenders, as may be prescribed.
(2) Admission, transfer or removal of patients concerned with criminal
proceedings in such facilities shall be under the administrative control of the Inspector General of
(3) The Board of Visitors shall have an access to such persons admitted in
forensic psychiatric facility in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance.
56. Specialized Psychiatric Treatments.- (1) Specialized psychiatric treatment may be
carried out with the informed consent of the patient, on the orders in writing by the psychiatrist in
charge of the treatment of the patient or his relative or guardian, if the patient is a minor.
(2) All electro-convulsive treatments shall preferably be administered under general
(3) All electro-convulsive treatments shall be advised by a psychiatrist, in charge of
the patient, recording the reasons for such advice and stating the reasons as to why the alternative
available methods of treatment are not appropriate.
(4) Administration of long acting anti-psychotic depot injections shall only be carried
out upon the advice of a psychiatrist for a period as specified in the prescription and such cases shall
be reviewed periodically.
(5) No person shall advise and carry out psychosurgery or make any decision to
carry out psychosurgery, except in cases where it is decided to be necessary and appropriate in a
meeting in this regard, attended by a neurosurgeon, a neurophysician, a physician, two approved
psychiatrists and a clinical psychologist.
57. Provisions for public and private sector psychiatric facilities.- The provisions of
this Ordinance shall apply to all psychiatric facilities whether in public and or private sector.
58. Removal of difficulties.- If any difficulty arises in giving effect to any of the
provisions of this Ordinance, the President may make such order, not inconsistent with the provision
of this Ordinance, as may appear to him to be necessary for the purpose of removing the difficulty:
Provided that no such power shall be exercised after the expiry of two years from the
coming into force of this Ordinance.
59. Power to make rules.- (1) The Federal Government may, in consultation with
the Provincial Governments, by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the
purposes of this Ordinance.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, the rules may
provide for all or any of the following matters, namely :-
(a) to prescribe forms for any proceedings under this Ordinance;
(b) to prescribe places of admission, places of safety and
regulation of treatment of mentally disordered persons;
(c) to regulate the admission, care and treatment of under trial
persons or convicted prisoners;
(d) to regulate the management of a mental health facility; and
(e) to prescribe conditions subject to which a psychiatric facility
may be licensed.
60. Ordinance to override.- The provisions of this Ordinance shall have effect
notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law for the time being in force.
61. Repeal and saving.- (1) The Lunacy Act, 1912 (IV of 1912), is hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding the repeal of Lunacy Act, 1912 (IV of 1912), hereinafter
referred to as the repealed Act,-
(a) all orders made, acts done and powers exercised under the repealed
Act shall be deemed to have been validly made, done and exercised
and deemed always to have had effect accordingly; and
(b) nothing contained in this Ordinance shall be deemed to apply to
proceedings, suits or appeals and applications pending under the
repealed Act before any court immediately before the
commencement of this Ordinance and such proceedings, suits,
appeals and applications shall continue to be heard and disposed of
in accordance with the provisions of the repealed Act.
MUHAMMAD RAFIQ TARAR