Aviation & Space Law

As a consequence of our expertise in International Trade and Carriage of Goods by Air, Sea and Land, our firm provides specialist advice to various International Airlines, and Transporters regarding Aviation Law of Pakistan relating to:


  1. < Revised National Aviation Policy,2000
  2. The Civil Aviation Ord. 1960, (Amdt) Act 1966
  3. - The Aircraft(Removal of Danger to Safety) Ord., 1965
  4. The Carriage by Air Act, 1934
  5. The Carriage by Air (International Convention) Act, 1966
  6. The Carriage by Air (Supplementary Convention) Act, 1968

We are the only law firm in Pakistan that also offers unique legal expertise, advice and services on matter relating to International Space Law with a particular focus on:
- Treaty On Principles Governing The Activities Of States In The Exploration And Use Of Outer
Space, Including The Moon And Other Celestial Bodies, (1967)

- Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects (1972) and also the UN Claims Commission



The Outer Space Treaty

  1. - The Rescue and Return Agreement
  2. The Liability Convention
  3. The Registration Convention
  4. The INTELSAT Agreement
  5. The INMARSAT Agreement
  6. Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration
  7. and Use of Outer Space
  8. Principles Governing Direct Television Broadcasting
  9. Principles Relating to Remote Sensing
  10. Declaration on International Cooperation in Outer Space
  11. UN General Assembly Resolutions
  12. Right to Consult Annex J of the UN Declaration on Principles Governing the Use by States of Artificial Earth Satellites for International Direct Television Broadcasting

Convention On Registration Of Objects Launched Into Outer Space (1975)
UK Outer Space Act 1986
USA Commercial Space Act, 1998, USA Commercial Space Competitiveness Law,
USA Land Remote Sensing Policy, USA Space Transportation Infrastructure Matching
Grants and the USA Inventions in Outer Space Regulations.
Principles Relating to Remote Sensing
Declaration on International Cooperation in Outer Space
UN General Assembly Resolutions
Right to Consult Annex J of the UN Declaration on Principles Governing the Use by
States of Artificial Earth Satellites for International Direct Television Broadcasting
Convention On Registration Of Objects Launched Into Outer Space (1975)
UK Outer Space Act 1986
USA Commercial Space Act, 1998, USA Commercial Space Competitiveness Law, USA Land Remote Sensing Policy, USA Space Transportation Infrastructure Matching
Grants and the USA Inventions in Outer Space Regulations.
Aviation & Space LawThe ITU has taken very strict notice of the overfiling and non-usage of orbital slots. In 1997, the ITU proposed that administrations be required to provide specific evidence of the proposed satellite system, referred to as an administrative and financial ‘due diligence’, and to make regular submissions on the implementation of the system, including contractual date of delivery, the number of the satellites procured and proposed launch date. Financial constraints would include an annual coordination and registration charge, as well as a refundable deposit. To date only the administrative obligations have been implemented, while the financial measures have been considered at the current ITU Convention in March, 2002 at Istanbul. It is thus necessary for legal advice to ensure compliance with these new requirements in order to safeguard the interests of our clients. Our firm thus, provides legal advice requiring cross-referencing and expertise in the interconnected legal issues relating to International Law, Aviation & Space Law, Telecommunication Law and Regulatory
Frameworks both International as well as Domestic.